Public-Private Partnerships Laws / Concession Laws


As discussed in Legislative Assessment, a government may decide to enact a PPP law or a concession law for a number of reasons, such as to give priority to a process of developing, procuring and reviewing PPP projects that will take priority over sector laws, or to establish a clear institutional framework for developing, procuring and implementing PPPs. PPP laws can also be used to close gaps in the laws of a host country may need to allow for successful infrastructure PPP projects, such as enabling the grant of step-in rights to lenders and requiring open and fair procurement processes. These modifications may be embodied in sector-specific law, or in the case of procurement, a procurement or competition law, or the can be included in a general concession or PPP law. This site includes links to guidance on drafting PPP/ Concession laws and sample enacted PPP laws.

 

While guidance and examples can be useful, each PPP/ concession law needs careful drafting to be consistent with the host country's existing laws. Legal draftsmen need to strike a balance between setting ground rules that encourage transparency and imposing general restrictions that may hinder bidding teams from achieving value for money or sensible solutions when bidding out PPP projects.

 

 


International Guidelines

UNCITRAL Guidance on PPP/ Concession Laws


The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) has published a Legislative Guide on Privately Funded Infrastructure Projects in 2000. The purpose of the Guide is to assist in the establishment of a legal framework favorable to private investment in public infrastructure. The advice provided in the Guide aims at achieving a balance between the desire to facilitate and encourage private participation in infrastructure projects, on the one hand, and various public interest concerns of the host country, on the other. The Guide sets out suggested legislative language in its Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects of 2003.

 

back to top

EBRD Core Principles for a Modern Concession Law

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) defined a set of core principles for a modern concession law as legislative guidelines (English French and Russian). The Legal Transition Group of the EBRD prepared the paper EBRD Core Principles for a Modern Concessions Law - selection and justification of principles which explains each of the principles. 


back to top

OECD Principles for Public Governance of Public-Private Partnerships

The OECD Principles for Public Governance of Public-Private Partnerships provide concrete guidance to policy makers on how to make sure that Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) represent value for money for the public sector.

back to top


Examples of PPP Laws

 

Set out below are links to examples of PPP/Concession Laws enacted in various countries. Attached for information are also some links to commentaries prepared by third parties as well as summaries. The inclusion of these publications does not mean that they or their authors are in any way approved or endorsed by the World Bank, the PPPIRC or by the donors who support the website.

 

To view and download the summaries, go to PPP Legal Snapshots.

 

Countries are listed alphabetically:

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

 


Afghanistan

  • The Rules of Procedure for Public Procurement, November 18, 2009
  • Procurement Law 2015 (in Arabic)
  • Public Private Partnership Law dated October 5, 2016
  • National Policy on Public-Private Partnerships 2017

 

 

Albania

Summary:

 

Algeria

  • Executive Decree No. 04-162 on the National Fund for equipment's development (in Arabic)
  • Law No. 16-09 of August 3, 2016 about Promotion of Investments (in Arabic)
  • Public Procurement Code - Presidential Decree No. 15-247 (in Arabic)

 

 

Angola

Commentary: 

 

 

Argentina

 

 

Armenia

  • Attachment of the Government of September 20, 2012 N0. 1241-N
  • Decree No. 168 on Arranging Procurement Process dated February 10, 2011
  • Decree No.1241-N on the Assessment and Approval of PPP projects
  • Republic of Armenia Law on Procurements
  • Law on Procurements dated December 16. 2016 (in Armenian)

 

 

Australia

 

  • State of Victoria: The Partnerships Victoria policy, introduced in 2000, provides the framework for a whole of government approach to the provision of public infrastructure and related ancillary services through public private partnerships. 
  • Infrastructure NSW Act 2011 No. 23
  • New South Wales PPP guidelines August 2012
  • NSW Procurement Policy Framework for NSW Government Agencies July 2015

Commentaries: 

 

 

Austria

  • Federal Public Procurement Act (in German)

 

Azerbaijan

  • Law on the Implementation of Special Financing for Investment Projects dated March 15, 2016 

 

 

back to top


 

Bangladesh

 

 

Belarus

  • Resolution No. 49 on public-private partnership projects dated July 27, 2016  (in Russian)
  • Resolution No. 532 on Measures to Implement Law on PPP dated July 6, 2016 (in Russian)
  • Law No.345-3 on Public Private Partnerships dated December 30, 2015 (in Russian)
  • Resolution No. 508 on Measures to Implement the Law on PPP dated May 27, 2014  (in Russian)
  • Law No 53-Z on Investments dated July 12, 2013
  • Law No 63-Z on Concessions dated July 12, 2013

 

Belgium

  • Law on Concession Contracts of June 17, 2016 C-2016-21052 
  • Law on Public Procurement Contracts of June 17, 2016, C-2016-21053

 

 

 

 

Benin

Summary:

 

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Summary:

 

 

Botswana

Summary:

 

Brazil

Commentary: 

  • Brazil PPP law commentary: Spotlight on Brazil: Brazil Launches New PPP Law, by Jacques Cook, March 2006. The article discusses the recently enacted PPP Law in Brazil and explains how it offers the opportunity to stimulate lagging private investment in social and infrastructure projects in the country.

 

 

Bulgaria

  • PPP Legislation
  • Regulations for Application of the Public-Private Partnership Act No. 5 dated January 18 2013
  • Public-Private Partnership Act No. 45 dated June 15 2012
  • Public Procurement Act No. 28 dated April 6, 2004
  • Concessions Act No. 36 dated May 2, 2006

Commentaries:   

Summary: 

 

Burkina Faso

  • Decree No. 2017-40, 50, 51 on procurement and execution of public service delegations Decree No. 2014-628 of July 29 2014 on PPP Commission (in French)
  • Decree No. 2017-0442 on PPP program Decree No. 2014-628 of July 29 2014 on PPP Commission (in French)
  • Law No. 039-2016 of December 30 2015 on general regulation of public procurement Decree No. 2017-0442 on PPP program Decree No. 2014-628 of July 29 2014 on PPP Commission (in French)
  • Decision No. 2014-0263 of July 28th 2014 on PPP Commission (in French)
  • Decree No. 2014-628 of July 29 2014 on PPP Commission (in French)
  • Decree No. 2014-024 of February 3 2014 on PPP (PPP Decree) (in French)
  • Loi No 020-2013/AN Portant Regime Juridique du Partenariat Public-Prive au Burkina Faso (Act No.020-2013 Legal Regime of the Public- Prive Partnership in Burkina Faso) (in French)

Commentary: 

Summary: 

 

 

Burundi

  • Decree No. 100-31 of February 24 2017 on procedures of procuring PPPs Law No. 039-2016 of December 30 2015 on general regulation of public procurement Decree No. 2017-0442 on PPP program Decree No. 2014-628 of July 29 2014 on PPP Commission (in French)
  • Decree No. 100-12 of January 6 2016 on PPP Agency Law No. 039-2016 of December 30 2015 on general regulation of public procurement Decree No. 2017-0442 on PPP program Decree No. 2014-628 of July 29 2014 on PPP Commission (in French)
  • Law No. 1-14 of April 27 2015 on Public-Private Partnerships Law No. 039-2016 of December 30 2015 on general regulation of public procurement Decree No. 2017-0442 on PPP program Decree No. 2014-628 of July 29 2014 on PPP Commission (in French)
  • Law No. 1-01 of February 4 2008 Public Procurement Code Law No. 039-2016 of December 30 2015 on general regulation of public procurement Decree No. 2017-0442 on PPP program Decree No. 2014-628 of July 29 2014 on PPP Commission (in French)

 

back to top

 


 

 

Cambodia

Summary:

 

 

Cameroon

  • Decree 2014-2343 (in French)
  • Decree No. 2012-148 of March 21, 2012 Amendment to Decree No. 2008-035 (in French)
  • Decree No. 2008-035 of January 23, 2008 on the Support Council for implementation of Partnership Contracts (in French)
  • Decree No. 2008-0115 of January 24, 2008 regulating the Law No. 2006-012 (in French)
  • Law No. 2006-012 of December 29, 2006 on general regulations of Partnership Contracts (in French)
  • Cadre juridique des contrats de partenariat au Cameroun (Legal Framework of Partnership Contracts in Cameroon) (in French)

Summary:

Canada

  • Supply Manual of the Public Works and Government Services Canada 2017
  • Government Contracts Regulations SOR-87-402 last amended on 2017
  • Guideline to Implementing Budget 2011 Direction on Public-Private Partnerships
  • Department of Public Works and Government Services Act S.C. 1996, c. 16

Commentary:

Commentary: 

 

Chad

  • Decree No. 2417-PR-PM-2015 on Public Procurement December 2015 (in French)

 

 

Central and Eastern Europe

  • Assessment of Concession Laws (2008) - prepared by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) - Including: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, FYR Macedonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

 

 

Chile


 

China

Commentary: 

 

 

Colombia

Commentary: 

 

Congo, Democratic Republic of

  • Dcret_10-22 Manuel des Procdures (in French)

Commentaries:

 

Costa Rica

  • Concession Laws and Regulations (in Spanish)
  • Decreto Iniciativa Privada N 31836 (in Spanish)
  • Ley General De Concesion De Obras Publicas Con Servicios Publicos-1  (in Spanish)
  • Ley 7494 Public Procurement  (in Spanish)
  • Reglamento APPs  (in Spanish)

 

 

Côte d’Ivoire

Summary:

 

Croatia

Commentary: 

 

 

Czech Republic

 

back to top


 

Djibouti

  • Djibouti Decret 2010-83 commission des marches publics (in French)

  • Djibouti Loi 2017 186 ppp (in French)

 

 

Dominican Republic

 

Dubai

 

Commentaries:

back to top


Ecuador

 

Egypt

Summary:

EI Salvador

 

 

Estonia

 

Ethiopia

  • Federal Public Procurement Proclamation
  • Public Procurement Directive

 

 

European Union (EU)

  • European Union Rules on Public-Private Partnerships - including EU rules on setting up public-private entities, EU law on public procurement and concessions in relation to public-private partnerships and 2004 Green Paper on how procurement law applies to different forms of public-private partnerships
  • Directive 2014/23/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on the award of concession contracts (English but also available in other EU languages including French and Spanish). The new EU directive sets out minimum EU requirement for the award of concession contracts by public authorities to procure works or services from private suppliers.  It is part of a suite of procurement directives designed to update the procurement processes for all aspects of public procurement in European countries. More information on the EU directive is available on the website of the European Commission.  


back to top

 


Fiji

 

Finland

  • Act on Public Contracts and Concessions (in Finnish)

 

France

Commentaries: 

 

    back to top


     

    Gabon

    • Loi sur les PPP (in French)
    • Ordinance 2015 22 PPP (in French)
    • Ordinance n009PR2015 dated 11 February 2016 (in French)

     

    Gambia, The

    Commentary:

    Summary:

     

    Georgia

     

    Germany

    • Act Against Restraints of Competition (GWB)
    • Federal Budget Code (BHO) (in German)
    • PPP Acceleration Act 2005 (in German)

     

    Ghana

    Summary:

     

    Greece

     

     

    Grenada

     

     

    Guatemala

     

    Guinea

    • BOT Law
    • Manual of application of the public procurement Code
    • PPP Law (draft)
    • Public Procurement Law

     

    Guinea-Bissau

     

    back to top


     

    Haiti

    • Circular on creating Central Unit of PPP's management
    • Public Procurement Law
    • Regulation on the National Commission of Public Procurement

     

    Honduras

    • Ley de Promoción de Alianza Público-Privada (Law for the Promotion of Public-Private Partnerships) (in English and Spanish)
    • Reglamento General de la Ley de Promoción de Alianza Público-Privada (General Regulation to the Law for the Promotion of Public-Private Partnerships) (in English and Spanish)
    • Laws and regulations in Honduras

     

     

    Hungary

     

    back to top


     

    India

     


    Indonesia

    Commentary: 

     

    Iraq

    Commentary:

     

    Ireland

    Commentaries: 

     

    Italy

    • Public Contracts Code (in Italian)


    back to top

     


    Jamaica

     

    Japan

    • Act on Promotion of Private Finance Initiatives
    • Basic policy for the implementation of PFI projects (in Japanese)
    • Order for Enforcement of the Act on Promotion of Private Finance Initiative (1999)  (in Japanese)
    • Procurement Process Guideline (2001) (in Japanese)

    Commentary:

     

     

    Jordan

    • Regulation on Public Private Partnership Projects no. 98 of 2015 (in Arabic)
    • Public-Private Partnership Law, 2014 (in Arabic)
    • Instructions for the Regulation of the Work of the Partnership Council (in Arabic)

     

    Commentary:

    back to top

     


    Kazakhstan

    • Concession Law (in Russian)
    • PPP Law  (in Russian)

    Commentary:

     

    Kenya

    See also: 

    Commentary: 

    Summary:

     

    Korea, Rep

     

     

    Kosovo 

     

    Kuwait

    Commentaries:

     

    Kyrgyz Republic

     

    back to top



    Lao PDR

     

     

     

    Latvia

     

     

    Lebanon

    • Investment Law
    • The Public Accounting Law issued by Decree No. 14969 of 1963 (in Arabic)
    • The Tenders Regulation issued by Decree No. 2866-1959 (in Arabic)
    • Privatization Framework Law (in English and Arabic)
    • Telecommunications Law (in English and Arabic)
    • Regulation of the Electricity Sector (in English and Arabic)

     

     

    Liberia

     

     

    Lithuania

    • Law on Concessions, 1996 (amended 1999) (official English translation)
    • Law on Investment
    • Law on Public Procurement
    • Resolution On PPP

     

    back to top


     

    Macedonia, FYR

    • Macedonia Law on Concession (unofficial English translation)
    • Law on Concessions and Public Private Partnership
    • Law on Public Procurement

     

     

    Madagascar

    Summary:

     

    Malawi

    Summary:

     

    Malaysia

    • PPP guideline

     

    Mali

     

    Mauritania

    Summary:

     

    Mauritius

    • Public Procurement Act 2006 amended 2017
    • Public Procurement (Regulations 2008) 28 March 2017
    • BOT Act 2016
    • PPP Act Amended - Version September 2016
    • PPP Guidance Manual
    • The Public-Private Partnership Act 2004

     

    Mexico

     

    Further guidance materials as well as laws and regulations on the state level are available on the website of Programa para el Impulso de Asociaciones Público-Privadas en Estados Mexicanos (PIAPPEM). 

    Commentaries:

     

    Moldova

     

    Mongolia

     

    Montenegro

     

     

    Morocco

    Commentary:

    Summary:

     

    Mozambique 

    • Lei nº 15/2011 de Parcerias Público-Privadas (Law No. 15/2011 of Public-Private Partnerships) (in Portuguese)
    • Decreto n º 69-2013 - Regulamento de Parcerias Público-Privadas e Concessões Empresariais de Pequena Dimensão (in Portuguese)
    • PPP Regulation (in Portuguese)

     

    Commentary: 

     

    Myanmar

     

    back to top


    Nepal

    • Investment Board Act 2068
    • PPP Policy 2015 unofficial translation
    • PPP Policy 2015 (in Nepali)
    • Public Procurement Act 2063
    • Public Procurement Regulation 2064

     

    New Zealand

    • Standard Form Public Private Partnership 2013

     

    Niger

    • Decree No. 2011-559 9 November 2011 (in French)
    • Law 2014-02 of 31 March 2014 (in French)
    • Order No. 2011-7 of 16 September 2011 (in French)

     

    Nigeria

    Summary:

     

    Northern Ireland

     

     

    back to top


    Pakistan

     

     

    Panama

     

     

    Papua New Guinea

     

     

    Paraguay

     

    Peru 

     

     

    Philippines

    • PPP Regulatory Framework
    • Dispute resolution EO-78
    • Executive Order No.8 - PPP center
    • Policy Circular No.09 2016 Assessing Value for Money in PPP Projects
    • PPP Governing Board Policy Circular No 02 2015
    • PPP Governing Board Policy Circular No 07 2015
    • R.A. No 7718
    • Republic Act No. (RA) 695

    Commentary: 

    Summary:


     

    Poland

    • PPP Law 2008 (in Polish) 
    • Act on Concession for Works or Services 2009
    • Public Procurement Law 2004
    • Regulation of the Minister of Economy of 2015 (in Polish)

     

     

    Portugal

    • 2012 PPP Law: Decree Law 111/2012 (Decreto-Lei n.º 111/2012) of 23 May 2012 (in Portuguese)
    • 2008 Public Contracts Code: Decree Law 18/2008 (Decreto-Lei n.º 18/2008) of 27 April 2008 and amendments (in Portuguese)

     

     

    Puerto Rico

    Commentary: 

     

    back to top

     



    Romania

    See also: 

     

    Commentaries:

     

    Russian Federation

    • Federal Law NO  115-FZ of July 21 2005 Am 2015 Concessions
    • Federal Law NO  224-FZ of July 13 2015 821A PPP 2015

    Commentaries:

     

    Rwanda

     

    back to top


     

    Saint Lucia

     

    Samoa

     


    Senegal

    Commentaries:

    Summary:

     

    Serbia

    • Law on Public Private Partnership and Concession

    • Law No. 88-2011, 15-2016 and 104-2016 on Public-Private Partnerships and Concessions (in Bosnian)

    • Law No. 89-2015 on Investments (in Serbian)

    • Law No. 124-2012, 14-2015 and 68-2015 on Public Procurement

    • Rules of Procedure PPP Commission

     

    Commentary:

     

    Seychelles

     

     

    Sierra Leone

     

    Singapore

    • Public Private Partnership Handbook dated March 2 2012
    • Government Procurement Regulations No. S 269-2014 dated April 4 2014
    • Government Procurement (Challenge Proceedings) Regulations G.N. No. S 215-2002 revised February 29, 2014
    • Government Procurement (Application) Order G.N. No. S 217-2002 revised February 29 2004
    • Government Procurement Act Chapter 120 revised May 30 1998

    Slovak Republic

     

     

    Slovenia

    • Public Procurement Act 2015 (in Slovenian)
    • Decree on green public procurement 2014 (in Slovenian)
    • Legal Protection in Public Procurement Procedures Act 2001 (in Slovenian)
    • Public-Private Partnership Act

     

    Solomon Islands

    • Supply Chain Management
    • Foreign Investment Amendment Regulations 2016
    • Procurement and Contract Administration Manual of April 2013
    • Public Financial Management Act No. 9 of 2013
    • Foreign Investment Act Amendment 2009
    • Foreign Investment Act 2005
    • Foreign Investment Regulations 2005

     

    Somalia

    Summary:

     

    South Africa

     

     

    Spain

    • Ley reguladora del contrato de concesión de obras públicas (Concession Law) (in Spanish)

    • Law of Contracts of Public Sector approved by Decree 3-2011 2013 (in Spanish)

    • Decree 817-2009 on Implementing the Law of Public Contracts (in Spanish)

    • Decree 1098-2001 on General Regulation of the Law of Public Contracts (in Spanish)

    Commentary: 

     

     

    Sri Lanka

    • Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka
    • Supplement 13 to the Procurement Manual dated October 3, 2007
    • Procurement Guidelines 2006
    • Procurement Manual 2006
    • Guidelines on Government Tender Procedure Part II for Private Sector Infrastructure Projects (BOO BOT BOOT Projects) January 1998

     

    Sudan

    • National Investment Encouragement Act 2013
    • Public Procurement, Contracting and Disposal of Public Assets Act 2010 (in Arabic)

     

     

    Swaziland

    Summary:

     

    Sweden

    • Law (2016-1147) on the procurement of Concessions on public procurement on public procurement
    • Law (2016_1145) on public procurement on public procurement

     

    Switzerland

    • Federal Ordinance on public procurement dated December 11, 1995 (in French)
    • Federal Law on public procurement dated December 16 1994 (in French)

     

     

    Syria

     

    back to top


     

    Tajikistan

     

     

    Tanzania

    Commentaries:

    Summary:

    Thailand

    Commentary:

     

    Timor Leste

    • Decree-Law No. 08-2014 on Regulation the Legal Regime of Public Private Partnerships dated March 19
    • Decree-Law No. 02-2014 Amendment to Decree-Law No. 42-2012 dated January 15, 2014
    • Decreto-Lei No. 42/2012 Regime Jurídico das Parcerias Público Privada (Decree -Law No. 42/2012 Legal Regime of Public Private Partnerships) (in Portuguese)
    • Decree-Law No. 42-2012 on Legal Regime on PPPs dated September 7, 2012
    • Decree-Law No. 38-2011 Amendment to Decree-Law No. 10-2005 dated November 21, 2011
    • Decree-Law No. 15-2011 Amendment to Decree-Law No. 10-2005 dated March 30, 2011
    • Decree-Law No. 01-2010 Amendment to Decree-Law No. 10-2005 dated February 18, 2010
    • Decree-Law No. 24-2008 Amendment to Decree-Law No. 10-2005 dated July 23, 2008
    • Decree-Law No. 14-2006 Amendment to Decree-Law No. 10-2005 dated September 27, 2006
    • Decree-Law No. 11-2005 on Legal Regime of Public Contracts dated November 8, 2005
    • Decree-Law No. 10-2005 on Procurement Legal Regime dated November 8 2005

     

     

    Togo

    • Law No. 2014-014 on Partnerships Contracts and Concessions dated October 22, 2014 (in French)
    • Decree No. 2009-277PR on Public Procurement and Public Service Delegations (in French)
    • Law No. 2009-013 on Public Procurement and Public Service Delegations (in French)

     

     

    Tonga

    • Public Procurement Regulations 2015
    • Public Finance Management Act No. 27 of 2002

     

    Trinidad and Tobago

     

     

     

    Tunisia

    • Projet de Loi Relatif au régime des concessions (Draft Concession Law) (in French) 

    • Decree No. 2016-1185 on the organization and powers of the general public-private partnership dated October 14, 2016 (in French)

    • Decree No. 2016-772 on the conditions and procedures for the award of public-private partnership contracts dated June 20 2016 (in French)

    • Decree No. 2016-771 on the Strategic Council for Public Private Partnership dated June 20 2016 (in French)

    • Decree No. 2014-1039 on Public Procurement Regulations dated March 13 2014 (in French)

    • Decree No. 2013-4631 dated November 18 2013 (in French)

    • Decree No. 2013-4630 on Creating the Concessions Follow-up Unit dated November 18 2013 (in French)

    • Decree No. 2010-1753 on Concession Procurement dated July 19, 2010 (in French)

    • Law No. 2008-23 on Concessions dated April 1 2008 (in French)

    • Law No. 2015-49 on Contracts between Public and Private Sector dated November 27 2015 (in French)

    Summary:

     

    Turkey

    • Law No. 4734 on Public Procurement January 2012
    • New Implementation Decree of the Build-Operate-Transfer Law No. 3996 dated June 21 2011
    • Law No. 4283 on Building and Operation of Thermal Power Plants with the BO Model dated July 16 1997 (in Turkish)

     

     

    back to top

     

     


    Uganda

    Commentary: 

    Summary:

    Ukraine

    • Law of Ukraine on Concessions
    • Order No. 739-р on Approval of the Conception of Public-Private Partnership for 2013-2018 years dated August 14, 2013 (in Ukrainian)
    • Resolution 384 on Certain Issues of Organization of Implementation of PPP dated April 11 2011 (in Ukrainian)
    • Law No. 2404-VI on On Public-Private Partnership dated July 1 2010

     

    United Arab Emirates

    • Federal Government Resolution No. 1-1 of 2017 on Procedures Manual for Partnership between Federal Entities and Private Sector
    • Dubai Guide to Public Private Partnership of 2016
    • Dubai Law No. 22 of 2015 on Public-Private Partnerships (in Arabic)
    • Cabinet Resolution No.32 of 2014 on Procurement Regulation and Storehouse Management in Federal Government (in Arabic)

     

     

    United Kingdom 

    • Concessions Contracts Regulations 2016 No. 273
    • Infrastructure Act 2015
    • Public Contracts Regulations 2015 No. 102
    • Single Source Contract regulations 2014 No. 0000

    United Kingdom Treasury: 

    Commentaries: 

     

     

    United States

    Virginia

    • Virginia PPTA Implementation Manual and Guidelines January 2016
    • Virginia Public-Private Transportation Act of 1995
    • Virginia Highway Corporation Act of 1988 c. 649.

    Commentaries: 

     

     

    Uruguay

    • Ley de Participación Público-Privada No.18.786 (Public Private Participation Law No.18.786) (in Spanish)
    • Decree No. 251-015 on Modifying Decree No. 280-012 dated September 14, 2015 (in Spanish)
    • Decree No. 280-012 on Modifying PPP Regulations dated August 24, 2012 (in Spanish)
    • Decree No. 17-012 on PPP Regulations dated January 26, 2012 (in Spanish)

     

     

    Uzbekistan

     

    back to top


     

    Vanuatu

     

     

    Venezuela

     

     

    Vietnam

    Commentaries: 

     

    Summary: 

     

     


    back to top


    Yemen

     

    back to top


     

    Zambia

    Summary: 

     

    Zimbabwe

    • Public Procurement Act (Chapter 22-23) 2017
    • Joint Ventures Act (Chapter 22 22) 2016
    • Procurement Regulations (Chapter 22 14) 2002
    • Procurement Act (Chapter 22 14) 2001

     


     

    Further Reading and Resources

     

     

     


     

    The inclusion of or reference to any materials on this website does not mean that they are in any way approved, endorsed or recommended by the World Bank, the PPPIRC or by the donors who support the website. The PPPIRC accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the materials on this website. The materials are:

    • not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
    • sometimes linked to external sites over which the PPPIRC has no control and for which the PPPIRC assumes no responsibility;
    • reference materials for information ONLY. They should not be relied on as a substitute for specific legal advice (if you need specific legal advice, you should always consult a suitably qualified professional).

     

    The goal of the PPPIRC is to keep the information on this website timely and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. Please contact us at ppp@worldbank.org.

    Last Updated : Tue,2018-04-10

     If you have suggestions on topics or materials to be included, please contact us at ppp@worldbank.org.