PPP Arrangements / Types of Public-Private Partnership Agreements

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) take a wide range of forms varying in the extent of involvement of and risk taken by the private party. The terms of a PPP are typicaly set out in a contract or agreement to outline the responsibilities of each party and clearly allocate risk. The graph below depicts the spectrum of PPP agreements *.



For a summary of each type of arrangement and sample agreements, see:


You can also access checklists for agreements/sectors and sample clauses below:

*Note: Although the key features of each category are summarized, there is overlap between the categories and the name given to a particular agreement may not reflect this classic categorization. Care should also be taken to identify whether a specific classification is enshrined in the laws of the host country, as in the case of many civil law jurisdictions where there are strict definitions of "concessions" and "affermages". The sample agreements included in this section are not the full range of agreements associated with infrastructure projects. They agreements are NOT intended to be used as "models". Legal advice should be sought in the preparation and drafting of an agreement to ensure that it is appropriate and workable in the circumstances of a particular project, sector and country. For Terms and Conditions of this website, go to About PPPLRC.


Further Reading

For a discussion of the various forms of PPP arrangements, go to:

Last Updated : Thu,2019-09-12

 If you have suggestions on topics or materials to be included, please contact us at ppp@worldbank.org.