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*Note: Although the key features of each category are summarized, there is overlap between the categories and the name given to a particular agreement may not reflect this classic categorization. Care should also be taken to identify whether a specific classification is enshrined in the laws of the host country, as in the case of many civil law jurisdictions where there are strict definitions of "concessions" and "affermages". The sample agreements included in this section are not the full range of agreements associated with infrastructure projects. They agreements are NOT intended to be used as "models". Legal advice should be sought in the preparation and drafting of an agreement to ensure that it is appropriate and workable in the circumstances of a particular project, sector and country. For Terms and Conditions of this website, go to About PPPLRC.

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PPP Arrangements/Types of PPP Agreements

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) take a wide range of forms varying in the extent of involvement of and risk taken by the private party. The terms of a PPP are typicaly set out in a contract or agreement to outline the responsibilities of each party and clearly allocate risk. The graph below depicts the spectrum of PPP agreements *.

Public Owns and Operates AssetsPublic Private PartnershipsPrivate Sector Owns and Operates AssetsLowHighExtent of Private Sector Participation

Find more information about the following agreements related to public private partnerships.

 

Utility Restructuring Corporatization…

A government considering ways of improving performance in its utilities may seek to achieve this by involving the… more

Civil Works and Service Contracts

Utilities commonly source goods and services from private sector third parties, whether to purchase spare parts or… more

Management/Operation and Maintenance Contracts

Management contracts and Operation and Maintenance (O&M) contracts are contracts governing a type of public-… more

Leases and Affermage Contracts

Leases and affermage contracts are generally public-private sector arrangements under which the private operator is… more

Concessions Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) and…

Concessions, Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) Projects, and Design-Build-Operate (DBO) Projects are types of public-private… more

Joint Ventures / Government Shareholding in…

This section does not focus on the relationship between consortium members bidding on a project where they may decide… more

Full Divestiture / Privatization

Full divestiture, also known as, privatization, occurs when all or substantially all the interests of a government in a… more

Contract Plans / Performance Contracts

Whatever model of reform that is chosen for reforming public utilities, it has been found that these reforms can be… more

Standardized Agreements, Bidding Documents and…

There has been a long tradition of the use of standardized agreements for the procurement of goods and services for… more

Page Disclaimer:

*Note: Although the key features of each category are summarized, there is overlap between the categories and the name given to a particular agreement may not reflect this classic categorization. Care should also be taken to identify whether a specific classification is enshrined in the laws of the host country, as in the case of many civil law jurisdictions where there are strict definitions of "concessions" and "affermages". The sample agreements included in this section are not the full range of agreements associated with infrastructure projects. They agreements are NOT intended to be used as "models". Legal advice should be sought in the preparation and drafting of an agreement to ensure that it is appropriate and workable in the circumstances of a particular project, sector and country. For Terms and Conditions of this website, go to About PPPLRC.