About PPPLRC (PPP Legal Resource Center)

The Public-Private Partnership Legal Resource Center (PPPLRC) formerly known as Public-Private Partnership in Infrastructure Resource Center for Contracts, Laws and Regulations (PPPIRC) provides easy access to an array of sample legal materials which can assist in the planning, design and legal structuring of any infrastructure project — especially a project which involves a public-private partnership (PPP). It is organized in two broad categories: (i) guidance on structuring a PPP project and its enabling environment and (ii) sector specific information.

This Web site is designed to cover the framework of a PPP project from an analysis of a  government's objectives in developing an infrastructure project. Depending on the goals of the government and objectives of the project, the PPPLRC then has materials to assess the PPP legal framework and provides sample legislation and guidelines for not only PPP laws  but also sector specific legislation and regulation which may need to be modified or enacted. With the legal framework in place, the PPPLRC then provides materials through the broad spectrum of PPP Agreements. Guideline materials on PPP Financing are also available. Lastly, for the user's convenience, the  PPPLRC provides a PPP Library of summarized and annotated sample agreements and other resources. Through the  Advanced Search, materials may be found by sector, region, document type and language.

The PPPLRC also offers a wealth of sector-specific information on energywatertransportation, information & communication technologiessolid waste, and most recently has dedicated a page to resources on clean energy.

While each of these sectors has varying legal needs and uses different approaches, some legal materials specific to one sector can be useful for work in other sectors. This site includes materials of general application to infrastructure projects as well as those which are sector specific.

For more information about the site, please view our PPPLRC Report 2021 here, or the links below:

The Development Team

A core team of lawyers and infrastructure specialists at the World Bank helped to create this site and will continue to advise on its maintenance and expansion. The team's members draw upon many years of varied legal, project and private sector experience. They have consulted extensively with lawyers (both internal and external), and World Bank staff to find sample legal materials useful in the planning, design and legal structuring of infrastructure projects.

Task Leaders

Victoria Rigby Delmon

Vicky is a Senior Infrastructure Lawyer in the World Bank Water Global Practice Group. She brings extensive private sector experience in water, transport and solid waste sectors. She also advises on the enabling environment for PPPs across sectors. Vicky has been a key driver of and contributor to the PPPLRC since its inception. She is fluent in French and German. Prior to joining the World Bank in 2006, Vicky worked in house as international counsel with the utility firm Veolia Environment and as an associate with the law firm Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer. She has a MA in law from Oxford University and is a member of the Law Society of England and Wales.

Jenny Jing Chao

Jenny is a PPP Specialist in the Singapore office of the World Bank. Jenny is a New York accredited lawyer who has over eight years of experience advising sponsors, lenders, governments and multilateral institutions on the development and financing of infrastructure projects around Asia and the Middle East. Previous to joining the World Bank, she was a project finance associate at international law firms Hogan Lovells and Shearman & Sterling, specializing in large energy projects in emerging markets. She also held the role of resident coordinator at an advisory project to the Government of Timor-Leste on the sustainable investment of its oil revenues with the Earth Institute at Columbia University. She holds a B.S. in International Politics from Georgetown's School of Foreign Service and a J.D. from Columbia Law School.


Maria Agnes Evaristo

Agnes is a Communications and Media Specialist supporting the day-to-day management, marketing, social-media and technical requirements of the PPPLRC. She brings extensive experience in marketing and advertising having worked on end-to-end communication efforts of several multinational and pan-asian brands, as well as part of several award-winning campaigns. Prior to joining the World Bank in 2014, Agnes worked with prominent advertising firms as a Senior Project Manager and a Senior Creative and had pursued her M.A. in Cultural Studies focusing on Digital Anthropology and Linguistics. She is passionate about the environment, keen on current affairs and volunteers her free time to various causes.


Susanne Foerster

Susanne is an infrastructure and PPP specialist and works as a Consultant for the World Bank Group. She has over 15 years of experience advising governments, international organizations, and the private sector on policy, legal and regulatory aspects related to infrastructure development and operation. Her areas of expertise include PPP transactions, restructuring and privatization of SOEs, and economic regulation, in particular in the transport and energy sector. Her current focus is on low-carbon, resilient infrastructure, the integration of gender equality into PPP infrastructure projects, as well as the impact of disruptive technology on PPPs. Prior to joining the World Bank Group in 2013 Susanne was working as an associate for an international law firm and as an in-house legal counsel for a major international railway and logistics company. Susanne is admitted to the Bar in Germany and holds a law degree from Humboldt University in Berlin, Germany, a LL.M. degree from the University of Cape Town in South Africa and a German Dr. jur. degree in law (Ph.D. equivalent) from the University of Goettingen in Germany.


Luo Xia

Luo Xia is a lawyer focusing on PPP legislation database and legal analysis of PPP laws for PPPLRC. He is admitted to the bar in China and has extensive experience working in Africa on various project sectors, i.e. textile, ICT and mining. He also provides consultancy to the Centre for International Law of the National University of Singapore. He holds a B.A. in Swahili Literature from Beijing Foreign Studies University and a LL.M. in International Economic Law from Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Terms and Conditions

This website contains legal and other materials drawn from many sources. Materials provided on this site are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation, warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, currency and non-infringement. The World Bank and its affiliates (together, the "World Bank Group") specifically does not make any warranties or representations as to the accuracy, authenticity, completeness or currency of any such materials. The inclusion of, or reference to, any materials on this site does not mean that they are in any way approved, endorsed or recommended by the World Bank Group. The World Bank Group periodically adds, changes, or updates the materials on this site without notice.

The materials are reference materials for information ONLY and should not be relied on as a substitute for specific legal advice. Any sample wording or other materials contained or referred to in this website are not to be used as "models".

Under no circumstances shall the World Bank Group be liable for any loss, damage, liability or expense incurred or suffered which is claimed to have resulted from use of this site, including without limitation, any fault, error, omission, interruption or delay with respect thereto. Use of this site is at user's sole risk. Under no circumstances, including, but not limited to, negligence, shall the World Bank Group be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages, even if the World Bank Group has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

Links to third party websites are made for your convenience and do not imply that they are endorsed by the World Bank Group. The World Bank Group is not responsible for the content of any third party website or any link contained in a linked site. The linked sites are not under the control of the World Bank Group.

Expanding the website

The legal materials included in this website will be supplemented as additional interesting samples become available — especially from World Bank staff who are working on current infrastructure projects. Ideas or suggestions for additional legal materials are always welcome. Please contact ppp@worldbank.org.

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Updated: July 1, 2024