The Public-Private Partnership Legal Resource Center (PPPLRC) formerly known as Public-Private Partnership in Infrastructure Resource Center for Contracts, Laws and Regulations (PPPIRC) provides easy access to an array of sample legal materials which can assist in the planning, design and legal structuring of any infrastructure project — especially a project which involves a public-private partnership (PPP). It is organized in two broad categories: (i) guidance on structuring a PPP project and its enabling environment and (ii) sector specific information.
This Web site is designed to cover the framework of a PPP project from an analysis of a government's objectives in developing an infrastructure project. Depending on the goals of the government and objectives of the project, the PPPLRC then has materials to assess the PPP legal framework and provides sample legislation and guidelines for not only PPP laws but also sector specific legislation and regulation which may need to be modified or enacted. With the legal framework in place, the PPPLRC then provides materials through the broad spectrum of PPP Agreements. Guideline materials on PPP Financing are also available. Lastly, for the user's convenience, the PPPLRC provides a PPP Library of summarized and annotated sample agreements and other resources. Through the Advanced Search, materials may be found by sector, region, document type and language.
The PPPLRC also offers a wealth of sector-specific information on energy, water, transportation, information & communication technologies, solid waste, and most recently has dedicated a page to resources on clean energy.
While each of these sectors has varying legal needs and uses different approaches, some legal materials specific to one sector can be useful for work in other sectors. This site includes materials of general application to infrastructure projects as well as those which are sector specific.
For more information about the site, please view our PPPLRC 2018 Report here.
A core team of lawyers and infrastructure specialists at the World Bank helped to create this site and will continue to advise on its maintenance and expansion. The team's members draw upon many years of varied legal, project and private sector experience. They have consulted extensively with lawyers (both internal and external), and World Bank staff to find sample legal materials useful in the planning, design and legal structuring of infrastructure projects.
Victoria Rigby Delmon
Vicky is a Senior Infrastructure Lawyer in the World Bank Water Global Practice Group. She brings extensive private sector experience in water, transport and solid waste sectors. She also advises on the enabling environment for PPPs across sectors. Vicky has been a key driver of and contributor to the PPPLRC since its inception. She is fluent in French and German. Prior to joining the World Bank in 2006, Vicky worked in house as international counsel with the utility firm Veolia Environment and as an associate with the law firm Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer. She has a MA in law from Oxford University and is a member of the Law Society of England and Wales.
Jenny Jing Chao
Jenny is a PPP Specialist in the Singapore office of the World Bank. Jenny is a New York accredited lawyer who has over eight years of experience advising sponsors, lenders, governments and multilateral institutions on the development and financing of infrastructure projects around Asia and the Middle East. Previous to joining the World Bank, she was a project finance associate at international law firms Hogan Lovells and Shearman & Sterling, specializing in large energy projects in emerging markets. She also held the role of resident coordinator at an advisory project to the Government of Timor-Leste on the sustainable investment of its oil revenues with the Earth Institute at Columbia University. She holds a B.S. in International Politics from Georgetown's School of Foreign Service and a J.D. from Columbia Law School.
Maria Agnes Evaristo
Agnes is a Communications and Media Specialist supporting the day-to-day management, marketing, social-media and technical requirements of the PPPLRC. She brings extensive experience in marketing and advertising having worked on end-to-end communication efforts of several multinational and pan-asian brands, as well as part of several award-winning campaigns. Prior to joining the World Bank in 2014, Agnes worked with prominent advertising firms as a Senior Project Manager and a Senior Creative and had pursued her M.A. in Cultural Studies focusing on Digital Anthropology and Linguistics. She is passionate about the environment, keen on current affairs and volunteers her free time to various causes.
Susanne Foerster is a Lawyer and works as a PPP Legal Consultant for the PPP Group of the World Bank. She provides content for the PPPLRC website with a focus on PPPs in the transport and energy sector and climate change, sub-national and small-scale PPP projects, and the impacts of PPPs on gender inclusion. Prior to joining the World Bank Group in 2013 Susanne was working as an associate for an international law firm and as an in-house legal counsel for a major international railway and logistics company. Susanne has advised on PPP transactions, infrastructure reform, restructuring and privatization of state-owned enterprises and economic regulation in the fields of transport, energy and telecommunications. Susanne is admitted to the Bar in Germany and holds a law degree from Humboldt University in Berlin, Germany, a LL.M. degree from the University of Cape Town in South Africa and a German Dr. jur. degree in law (Ph.D. equivalent) from the University of Goettingen in Germany.
Sara Perea Sigrist
Sara Perea Sigrist is a lawyer in Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) for the World Bank, working on content development for the PPPLRC. She advises governments on structuring of PPP transactions and the legal and enabling environment for PPPs. Ms. Sigrist is a New York qualified attorney with over 12 years PPP and project finance experience in private sector and international organizations, including the Inter-American Development Bank and the European Commission. Sara was an Associate at Clifford Chance LLP and White & Case LLP in the respective Energy and Infrastructure groups. She holds a Juris Doctorate degree from Georgetown University, Dean’s distinction in leadership. She served as a Rotary Ambassadorial Scholar to Brussels, Belgium, where she earned a Master’s degree in International Politics, avec distinction, from the Univerisité Libre de Bruxelles. She holds a BBA in International Finance, summa cum laude. She is fluent in English, Spanish, French and Portuguese.
Angelica M. Toro
Angelica is a native of Colombia, and is currently a consultant with the World Bank Public Private Partnership in Infrastructure Resource Center. Prior to this position, she did her externship with the Benchmarking Public Private Partnership Procurement team in researching and analyzing public private partnerships regulations in Latin America and the Caribbean region. Angelica practiced law in Colombia specializing in corporate and financial law as a corporate lawyer for a financial institution, as well as an associate of a high profile law firm in Colombia. Angelica recently graduated from Georgetown Law earning her degree as Master in Securities and Financial Regulation. She is fluent in both Spanish and English.
Luo Xia is a lawyer focusing on PPP legislation database and legal analysis of PPP laws for PPPLRC. He is admitted to the bar in China and has extensive experience working in Africa on various project sectors, i.e. textile, ICT and mining. He also provides consultancy to the Centre for International Law of the National University of Singapore. He holds a B.A. in Swahili Literature from Beijing Foreign Studies University and a LL.M. in International Economic Law from Chinese University of Hong Kong.
This website is an initiative of the World Bank. Since July 2014 it is part of the World Bank’s PPP Cross-Cutting Solution Area. Funding support is provided by the World Bank, the Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF), the African Legal Support Facility (ALSF), and the Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF).
The Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) is a multidonor technical assistance facility aimed at helping developing countries improve the quality of their infrastructure through private sector involvement. Launched in July 1999, PPIAF was developed at the joint initiative of the governments of Japan and the United Kingdom, working closely with the World Bank. PPIAF pursues its mission through channeling technical assistance to governments in developing countries on strategies and measures to tap the full potential of private involvement in infrastructure and identifying, disseminating, and promoting best practices on matters related to private involvement in infrastructure in developing countries.
The African Legal Support Facility (ALSF), hosted by the African Development Bank, has been supporting African governments in the negotiation of complex commercial transactions since 2010. It provides assistance to African countries to strengthen their legal expertise and negotiating capacity in debt management and litigation, natural resources and extractive industries management and contracting, investment agreements, and related commercial and business transactions. ALSF also grants and advances funds to African countries for legal advice from top legal counsel in these areas. ALSF's goal is to ensure fair and balanced negotiations. Most requests for assistance relate to extractive resources contracts, public-private partnership (PPP) negotiations, commercial creditor litigation, and debt negotiations. Membership in the ALSF is open to all sovereign nations and international organizations.
The Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF) is a member of the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB). It supports economic growth and poverty reduction in Latin America and the Caribbean through encouraging increased private investment and advancing private sector development. The MIF works with the private sector to develop, finance, and execute innovative business models that benefit entrepreneurs and poor and low-income households. It partners with a wide variety of institutions from the private, public and nonprofit sectors, evaluates results and shares lessons learned.
Terms and Conditions
This website contains legal and other materials drawn from many sources. Materials provided on this site are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation, warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, currency and non-infringement. The World Bank and its affiliates (together, the "World Bank Group") specifically does not make any warranties or representations as to the accuracy, authenticity, completeness or currency of any such materials. The inclusion of, or reference to, any materials on this site does not mean that they are in any way approved, endorsed or recommended by the World Bank Group. The World Bank Group periodically adds, changes, or updates the materials on this site without notice.
The materials are reference materials for information ONLY and should not be relied on as a substitute for specific legal advice. Any sample wording or other materials contained or referred to in this website are not to be used as "models".
Under no circumstances shall the World Bank Group be liable for any loss, damage, liability or expense incurred or suffered which is claimed to have resulted from use of this site, including without limitation, any fault, error, omission, interruption or delay with respect thereto. Use of this site is at user's sole risk. Under no circumstances, including, but not limited to, negligence, shall the World Bank Group be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages, even if the World Bank Group has been advised of the possibility of such damages.
Links to third party websites are made for your convenience and do not imply that they are endorsed by the World Bank Group. The World Bank Group is not responsible for the content of any third party website or any link contained in a linked site. The linked sites are not under the control of the World Bank Group.
Expanding the website
The legal materials included in this website will be supplemented as additional interesting samples become available — especially from World Bank staff who are working on current infrastructure projects. Ideas or suggestions for additional legal materials are always welcome. Please contact email@example.com.