Transportation PPP Toolkits

Find toolkits on transportation below:

General Transport

Urban Passenger Transport

Light Rail

  • Private Sector Participation in Light Rail - Light Metro Transit Initiatives by Cledan Mandri-Perrott (with Iain Menzies), Public-Private Advisory Facility (PPIAF) 2010 – Toolkit on PPP arrangements for the establishment of effective light-rail metro transit (LRMT) systems. Presents options and discusses practical issues related to preparing and implementing new LRMT PPP schemes. The toolkit is intended as a practical guide to developing LRMT PPPs in both developed and developing countries. It aims to help government and public authorities to make informed decisions, adapted to local policy and objectives.

Bus Rapid Transit

  • Urban Bus Toolkit - World Bank and Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) 2011 - This toolkit is designed to help government officials and policy makers evaluate existing and alternative urban bus systems in developing and transitional countries. It offers practical advice to enact fundamental system reforms (available in English, French and Chinese).

  • Toolkit for Public-Private Partnerships in Urban Transport - Maharashtra, India - Asian Development Bank (ADB) 2011 - This toolkit was prepared to assist public entities in the state of Maharashtra in India in developing public-private partnership (PPP) urban bus transport projects. It includes case studies and detailed term sheets for the different PPP options that aim to facilitate the drafting of contracts. Terms sheets are provided for (a) cost-plus contracts and net-cost contracts (typically lease contracts) where the private sector owns, operates and maintains the buses while the public authority collects the revenue, (b) licensing contracts (typically operation & maintenance contracts) where the buses are owned by the public authority and the private party operates and maintains the buses and collect the revenue, and (c) a bus depot contract (design-build-operate contract) as well as (d) a monorail operation and maintenance contract.

  • Bus Rapid Transit (BRT): Toolkit for Feasibility Studies - This Toolkit is Module 2 of the Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development prepared by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Ministry of Urban Development of India in 2008. The documents in this toolkit are designed to help decision makers and practitioners in states and municipal governments who are concerned with urban transport development in medium-sized cities in India.

  • Toolkit on Market-Based Approaches in Private Sector Provision of Bus Services - This toolkit is designed to help government officials and policy makers evaluate existing and alternative urban bus systems in developing and transitional countries. It offers practical advice to enact fundamental system reforms.

Fare Collection and Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)

  • World Bank Toolkit for Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) for Urban Passenger Transport - Online tool providing guidance in the planning, design, implementation and evaluation of an ITS program. The online resource includes sections on fare collection and case studies as well as a downloadable Handbook and Companion Guide.
  • European ITS Toolkit - Decision-support toolkit for Intelligent Transport Solutions (ITS) - The toolkit was developed by the European project 2DECIDE. It covers ITS solutions for road and public transport in Europe. The toolkit is available to the public for free upon registration. It is available in English, French, Spanish and other European languages.
  • A Toolkit for Self-Service, Barrier-Free Fare Collection -Transport Research Board (TRB) of the United States, Transit Cooperative Research Program (TRCP) Report 80, 2002. The report addresses the full range of issues and parameters - including policy and enforcement issues, operational issues, and capital and equipment issues - that an agency must consider in determining the applicability of self-service fare collection systems. In 2012, TRB released TCRP Synthesis 96: Off-Board Fare Payment Using Proof-of-Payment Verification, as an update to TCRP Report 80.

Roads and Highways

  • Toolkit for Public-Private Partnerships in Roads and Highways - World Bank and Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF), 2009 (English and Russian) - This toolkit for PPPs in roads and highways aims to assist transport sector policy makers in low- and middle-income countries in implementing procedures to promote private sector participation and financing in the development of their road and highway sector. The Toolkit is presented in six modules, each presenting a specific subject matter for the development of PPP. Module 2 (Key Components) provides information on risk assessment, finance and public accounting. Module 4 (Laws and Contracts) examines the legal and regulatory environment to PPP. It provides a framework for diagnosis and reform and the basis for preparation of PPP contracts.


  • Railway Reform: A Toolkit for Improving Rail Sector Performance - Public-Private Advisory Facility (PPIAF), June 2011 (English, Spanish French and Russian). This toolkit provides an experienced-based set of best practices and selected case studies to aid in the planning and execution of railway reforms. It is based on international experiences with railway reform under a range of railway organizational forms—state agencies, state-owned, or private enterprises.


  • Port Reform Toolkit: Effective Support for Policymakers and Practitioners - World Bank and Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF), second (2nd edition), 2007: The toolkit aims to provide policy makers and practitioners with effective decision-making support in undertaking sustainable and well-considered reforms of public institutions that provide, direct, and regulate port services in developing countries. Module 4 (Legal Tools for Port Reform) includes sample clauses for port concessions and a short list of the important topics usually treated in a concession agreement and related documents. It also contains information on ports laws and ports regulation. Annex I to Module 4 presents a comprehensive checklist of concession/Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) agreement provisions. The checklist relates to a concession for the management and operation of an existing terminal and a possible extension.

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Updated: April 30, 2022