Public-Private Partnerships in Airports

ppp airport





Airports provide access to and interlink regional, national and international markets. This makes investment in existing or new airport infrastructure essential to economic development. Traditionally, airports were owned, managed and operated by governments but there has been a worldwide trend towards private sector involvement with varying degrees of private ownership and responsibilities, including the use of public-private partnership (PPP) models.

Find below a checklist that highlights the key legal issues that need to be considered in relation to airport concessions, sample airport concessions and reading materials related to PPP airport projects:


Checklist Airport BOT & Concession Agreement


back to top

Sample Concession Agreements


Large Airports

Costa Rica



The Government of India has developed new airports or modernized existing airports in several cities on a PPP basis: 

  • Delhi, India: Operation, Management and Development Agreement between the Government of India and Delhi International Airport, 2006 (brownfield)

  • Mumbai, India: Operation, Management and Development Agreement between the Government of India and Mumbai International Airport, 2006 (brownfield)

  • Hyderabad draft concession agreement, India: Concession Agreement for the Development, Construction, Operation and Maintenance of the Hyderabad International Airport between the Government of India and Hyderabad International Airport, 2004 (greenfield)

Lease deeds and shareholder agreements for each of the projects listed above are published by the Airport Authority of India.

Small Scale Airports

South Africa

back to top

Further Reading and Resources

Private Investment in Airport Infrastructure 

Airport In-Terminal Concessions

  • Guidebook for Developing and Leasing Airport PropertyReport 47, Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP), 2011 - This Guidebook discusses the key issues associated with developing and leasing available airport land and summarizes best practices from the perspective of the airport sponsor. The guidebook presents a diverse set of case studies that show several approaches airports have taken to develop and lease property for both aeronautical uses (e.g., aircraft maintenance facilities, fixed-base operator facilities, hangars, training centers, and cargo facilities) and nonaeronautical uses (e.g., light industrial and commercial facilities). A glossary of terms is also included. This guidebook will therefore be of interest to anyone desiring a better understanding of the process for developing and leasing airport property.

  • Resource Manual for Airport In-Terminal Concession by the Airport Cooperative Research Program. This manual provides guidance on the development and implementation of airport concession programs. The report provides information on the airport concession process; concession goals; potential customers; developing a concession space plan and concession mix; the Airport Concessions Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (ACDBE) program; and concession procurement, contracting, and management practices.

Last Updated : Tue,2019-09-10

 If you have suggestions on topics or materials to be included, please contact us at