BOT DBO and Concession Agreements for municipal solid waste disposal, recycling, sanitary landfill and waste to energy

The World Bank has developed a number of sample contracts for client countries for sanitary landfill design construction and operation (and financing), which have been sanitized and summarized below:

There are a number of sample or model contracts in the public domain that have been developed around the world, a selection of which are set out below:



  • Municipal solid waste Toolkit for PPP in MSWM developed by the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance (DEA) and Minsitry of Urban Development (MoUD) with the support of the GOI ADB PPP Initiative - The toolkit includes model bid documents with a) Request for Qualification (RFQ), b) Request for Proposal (RFP), c) Project Information Memorandum (PIM) and d) Term Sheets for 5 PPP models including; (i) Integrated MSWM (ii) BOT (build operate and transfer) agreement for Waste Processing and Disposal System, (iii) BOT for Waste Processing; (iv) Collection, transportation and disposal, and (v) BOT for Mechanized Refuse Transfer Station. A financial model for analysing integrated solid waste management system is being submitted along with the toolkit.
  • Kerala government - request for proposal and draft agreement for sanitary landfill BOT
  • State of Odisha, Solid Waste Management Project in the City of Berhampur - Request for Proposal RFP), March 2013 - The RFP contains a draft concession agreement between the BMC and Concessionaire. The Concessionaire is responsible for collection and transportation of waste, development of a segregation line and composting facility, a greenfield sanitary landfill and the decommissioning of the existing dumpsite during a concession period of 20 years. The municipality retains responsibility for certain processes, such as street sweeping, grass/bush cutting and drain cleaning. Operations are expected to benefit over 350,000 people, including approximately 100,000 in low-income areas.


United Kingdom

Here are waste disposal agreements annexed to the Guidance Pack (referred to above):

United States:

St. Lucia

Download Page as PDF

Updated: December 12, 2022