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Type of Resource

Sample PPP Project Documents, Contracts and Contractual Provisions in FCS

Examples of PPP project documents, contracts and contractual provisions that relate to successful PPP infrastructure projects in high-risk environments, in particular FCS, organized by sector and country: 




  • Rural Electrification

    • Model Financing Agreement for Household and Rural Electrification, Mali 2015 - This agreement sets forth the rights and responsibilities of the concession operator and the Malian Agency for the Development of Household Energy and Rural Electrification (Agence Malienne pour le Developpment de l'energie domestique et de l'electrification rurale, AMADER) in financing a new project. The operator is allowed to provide cash or “in kind” contributions and must provide proof of these contributions within 60 days after the signing of the financing agreement. Article 3 provides a detailed description of when and how AMADER will provide its grants. AMADER agrees to disburse 25% of its total grant when the operator provides proof of its contribution. The remaining 75% is disbursed according to pre-determined “stages of work.

Solomon Islands

  • Tina River Hydropower Development Project -  The main aim of the Tina River Hydropower Development Project (TRHDP) is to increase the generation of renewable energy, cut power costs and to move away from the reliance of imported diesel for power. To achieve this, a 15-megawatt hydropower plant will be developed on the Tina River, just outside the capital Honiara. The private partner will design, build, own, operate, and manage the hydropower facility through a build-operate-own-transfer scheme.

    Being the first PPP project for the Solomon Islands it required careful coordination of the interests of many stakeholders, including land owners and local community members. The Community Benefit Sharing Program (CBSP) was designed to enhance the positive impacts of the project to the communities in the project area by promoting investment in basic services and infrastructure for the local communities and fostering support and cooperation by the communities towards the success of the project. The Water Supply and Sanitation Subcomponent is designed to fund community investments in water supply and electricity infrastructure as preliminary benefits to the communities before the hydropower operation actually starts generating benefit sharing revenues. It includes a Rural Electricity Program. The Human Resource Component of the CBSP aims to support the members of communities in the project area in accessing employment opportunities to be created by TRHDP during and after construction. A Gender Action Plan (GAP) has been prepared in support of the project. The GAP aims to help ensure that women will have equitable access to project benefits and equitable voice in project-related activities.

    The project is described in detail on a website published by the Ministry of Mines, Energy and Rural Electrification. Among the project-related documents published on the site are the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (2019), the Land Acquisition and Livelihood Restoration Plan (2017), the Gender Action Plan (2017), and the Community Benefit Share Plan (2017), as well as the Community Development Plan (2017). 



  • Pristina International Airport ProjectPublic-private partnership agreement for the Operation and Expansion of Pristina International Airport between the Republic of Kosovo (acting by and through its Inter-ministerial Steering Committee) and Limak Kosovo International Airport J.S.C of August 12, 2010.  Under the 20-year design-build-finance-operate-transfer agreement  the private partner agrees to build a new terminal building, air-traffic control facilities, and a new apron and associated facilities. The agreement grants the private partner the exclusive right to (i) operate, administer, manage, improve and maintain the airport, both airside and landside, (ii) complete the design for, engineer, procure, finance, construct and complete the airport facilities on the site, (iii) collect, for deposit in the gross revenue account, the regulated fees and charges and the commercial fees and charges, and - collect, for deposit in the gross revenue account, all other revenue and income generated by the project during the term of the agreement. In exchange for the right to run the concession, the private partner will pay an annual concession fee of about 40% on average of the annual gross revenues of the airport over 20 years. The concession fee is composed of two fees: Fixed Concession Fee and Floating Concession Fee.The contract includes provisions that are tailored to the fragile situation in the country at the time the agreement was signed, e.g., the force majeure and political event provision.


Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger


  • PPP approach is built on a triangular relationship between the government of Cameroon, a state-owned company and a tenant farmer that will be organized around two main contracts:
    • Contrat de Concession de Travaux Publics et de Gestion du Patrimoine de l'Hydraulique Urbaine et Periurbaine au Profit de la Camwater (contract of concession and management of infrastructure) for the provision of water services in Cameroon between the government of Cameroon and the state-owned company, Cameroon Water Utilities Corporation (Camwater), which is a state-owned asset holding company in charge of managing the property and rights concerning the drinking water service in urban and suburban areas, and is responsible for the construction, maintenance and management of infrastructure, capture, production, storage and transportation of potable water. 

    • Affermage contract (contrat d'affermage) for urban and peri-urban water supply - Leasing contract between the government of Cameroon, Camwater, and Camerounaise Des Eaux (CDE), a limited company. The affermage contracts entrusts CDE with the production and distribution of drinking water in urban and suburban areas. The affermage is for a term of 10 years commencing in May 2008 and covers 106 urban and peri-urban centres.  

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Updated: November 9, 2022