Resilient Infrastructure Public-private Partnerships (PPPs): Contract and Procurement – The Case of India
India is vulnerable to a wide range of natural hazards, particularly flooding, cyclones, drought, extreme heat waves, landslides, wildfire, and earthquakes. In the context of climate change, the intensity and frequency of weather-related shocks are likely to increase. India is also one of the key implementers of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) across infrastructure sectors such as roads, ports, airports, energy, and water and sanitation. It is among the Top 5 countries in the world in terms of cumulative investments in PPPs over the past 25 years.