Water and Sanitation Agreements

Public private partnerships in water require various agreements, or contracts, to outline the relationships and responsibilities between various stake holders. The agreements below are specific to the water and sanitation sectors.


For a more detailed, general explanation on various public private partnership forms that enable private participation in water and sanitation, see also:

Forms of Operating Entities

  • Empresas Mixtas / Joint Ventures - in the water sector and predominantly in civil law jurisdictions, a mode for private participation in traditionally public infrastructure projects is the Joint Venture, known in Spanish as "empresas mixtas". This section explores key issues to consider when establishing Joint Ventures, and includes sample legislative frameworks for this kinds of entities

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Updated: December 12, 2022