Title: Tanzania - National Public-Private Partnerships Policy

Languages: English

Type: Document

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Country: Tanzania

Keywords: Legal Framework


National Public-Private Partnerships Policy (2009)428.47 KB

Document Summary:

This section download link to the Tanzania National Public Private Partnerships Policy.

See PPP Laws/Concession Laws - Tanzania

Document Details:

The Government recognizes the role of private sector in bringing about socio-economic  development through  investments. Public-Private Partnership (PPP) frameworks provides important instrument for attracting investments. Indeed,  Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) have been identified as  viable means to effectively address constraints of financing, management and maintenance of public goods and services.

Additionally, PPPs can enable  the  Government to  fulfill its responsibilities in efficient delivery of socio-economic  goods and  services  by  ensuring efficiency,  effectiveness, accountability, quality and outreach of services. The concept of PPP entails an arrangement between  the  public and private sector entities whereby the private  entity renovates, constructs, operates, maintains, and/or manages a facility in whole or in part, in  accordance with specified  output specifications. The private entity assumes the associated risks for a significant period of time and in return, receives benefits and financial remuneration according to agreed terms. PPPs constitute a cooperative venture built on the synergy of expertise of each partner that best meets clearly defined public needs through the most appropriate allocation of resources, risks and rewards.

Most PPPs implemented in Tanzania are concession arrangements for running existing enterprises with limited provisions  for rehabilitation and new investments.  It is noteworthy that in the case of services, PPPs have been implemented successfully by Faith Based Organizations (FBOs) in education, health and water sectors for many years. However, in the case of other sectors, the performance has been mixed largely due to the  complexity of such projects and lack of clear guidelines on the criteria for public and private sector partnership.

Private sector participation in areas previously treated as the monopoly of the public sector has made major contributions to increasing the pace of growth and development in many countries. In contemplating to utilize this instrument, Tanzania encounters a number of challenges including:

(i) Lack of comprehensive policy, legal and institutional  frameworks that provide clear guidelines and procedures for development and implementation of PPPs;

(ii) Lack of realistic and comprehensive technical, socio-economic and commercial feasibility analysis which leads to poor project design; 

(iii) Inadequate enabling  environment  which includes lack of long-term financing instruments and appropriate risk sharing mechanisms; and

(iv) Insufficient capacity  negotiations, procurement, implementation and management of PPPs.

To achieve the goal of poverty reduction by 2025, Tanzania has chosen to initiate and implement measures for the realization of  green revolution by adopting KILIMO KWANZA resolution. This is the development vehicle for  modernizing agriculture and thereby attaining economic transformation needed for sustained poverty reduction. Transformation of agriculture will depend on heavy investment in the development of capacity for delivery of  PPPs  to contribute to the attainment of Vision 2025.  In this regard, the government recognizes that, greater private sector participation  through PPPs  in providing  efficient, reliable and affordable socio-economic services,  is fundamental for green revolution and broad based growth and  sustainable  poverty reduction. The creation and operation of an appropriate enabling environment to guide 

public and private sectors, donor community and other stakeholders in PPPs will go a long way in contributing to the achievement of our development goals.

Furthermore, the national PPP Policy will serve as an important intervention to accelerate economic empowerment by ensuring that Tanzanians are adequately empowered in various PPPs interventions. In this spirit, a cross-section of various stakeholders have been involved in the development of this policy; and we look forward for the necessary collaboration for its implementation so that  the noble goal of  economic growth and  eliminating poverty in Tanzania is achieved. 


Hon. Mizengo P. Pinda (MP)

Prime Minister of the United Republic of Tanzania


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Updated: July 9, 2022