Public-Private Partnerships Fiscal Risk Assessment Model (PFRAM)

PFRAM supports the dialogue of the IMF and the World Bank Group with their client countries on macroeconomic stability, debt sustainability, fiscal risk management, governance, public finance management and public investment management. PFRAM follows a five step decision-tree, automatically generating a set of outcomes: the expected cash flow for the private partner; the government’s income statement, balance sheet and cash statement; a series of charts comparing fiscal balance and DSA with/without the specific PPP project; a project risk matrix; and a sensitivity analysis of macro variable

Megaprojects and Risk

  • Unique - first book to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date examination of Megaprojects
  • International scope and combination of theoretical analysis and empirical research will make it a valuable resource for academics, students, professionals, and decision-makers
  • Offers original analysis and practical suggestions for the successful management of Megaprojects


Contingent Liabilities Risk Management: A Credit Risk Analysis Framework for Sovereign Guarantees and On-Lending

The paper demonstrates how the four steps of credit risk management are applied in Colombia, Sweden, and Turkey. It also discusses how the proposed framework is applied in Indonesia as it develops a credit risk management framework for sovereign guarantees. Country experiences show that although sovereign risk managers can draw on insights from credit risk management in the private sector, academic literature, and practices in other countries, approaches to risk management need to be highly context-specific.