Public-Private Partnerships Laws / Concession Laws


As discussed in Legislative Assessment, a government may decide to enact a PPP law or a concession law for a number of reasons, such as to give priority to a process of developing, procuring and reviewing PPP projects that will take priority over sector laws, or to establish a clear institutional framework for developing, procuring and implementing PPPs. PPP laws can also be used to close gaps in the laws of a host country may need to allow for successful infrastructure PPP projects, such as enabling the grant of step-in rights to lenders and requiring open and fair procurement processes. These modifications may be embodied in sector-specific law, or in the case of procurement, a procurement or competition law, or the can be included in a general concession or PPP law. This site includes links to guidance on drafting PPP/ Concession laws and sample enacted PPP laws.

 

While guidance and examples can be useful, each PPP/ concession law needs careful drafting to be consistent with the host country's existing laws. Legal draftsmen need to strike a balance between setting ground rules that encourage transparency and imposing general restrictions that may hinder bidding teams from achieving value for money or sensible solutions when bidding out PPP projects.

 

 


International Guidelines

UNCITRAL Guidance on PPP/ Concession Laws


The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) has published a Legislative Guide on Privately Funded Infrastructure Projects in 2000. The purpose of the Guide is to assist in the establishment of a legal framework favorable to private investment in public infrastructure. The advice provided in the Guide aims at achieving a balance between the desire to facilitate and encourage private participation in infrastructure projects, on the one hand, and various public interest concerns of the host country, on the other. The Guide sets out suggested legislative language in its Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects of 2003.

 

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EBRD Core Principles for a Modern Concession Law

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) defined a set of core principles for a modern concession law as legislative guidelines (English French and Russian). The Legal Transition Group of the EBRD prepared the paper EBRD Core Principles for a Modern Concessions Law - selection and justification of principles which explains each of the principles. 


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OECD Principles for Public Governance of Public-Private Partnerships

The OECD Principles for Public Governance of Public-Private Partnerships provide concrete guidance to policy makers on how to make sure that Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) represent value for money for the public sector.

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Examples of PPP Laws

 

Set out below are links to examples of PPP/ Concession Laws enacted in various countries. Attached for information are also some links to commentaries prepared by third parties. The inclusion of these publications does not mean that they or their authors are in any way approved or endorsed by the World Bank, the PPPIRC or by the donors who support the website.

 

 

Countries are listed alphabetically:

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

 

 

Albania

Summary:

 

 

Angola

Commentary: 

 

 

Argentina

 

 

Armenia

 

 

Australia

 

  • State of Victoria: The Partnerships Victoria policy, introduced in 2000, provides the framework for a whole of government approach to the provision of public infrastructure and related ancillary services through public private partnerships. 

Commentaries: 

 

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Bangladesh

 

 

Belarus

 

 

Benin

 

 

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Summary:

 

 

Botswana

 

 

Brazil

Commentary: 

  • Brazil PPP law commentary: Spotlight on Brazil: Brazil Launches New PPP Law, by Jacques Cook, March 2006. The article discusses the recently enacted PPP Law in Brazil and explains how it offers the opportunity to stimulate lagging private investment in social and infrastructure projects in the country.

 

 

Bulgaria

Commentaries:   

Summary: 

 

Burkina Faso

Commentary: 

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Cambodia

Summary:

 

 

Cameroon

 

Canada

  • National

Commentary:

Commentary: 

 

 

Central and Eastern Europe

  • Assessment of Concession Laws (2008) - prepared by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) - Including: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, FYR Macedonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

 

 

Chile


 

China

Commentary: 

 

 

Colombia

Commentary: 

 

Congo, Democratic Republic of

Commentaries:

 

Costa Rica

 

 

Côte d’Ivoire

 

 

Croatia

Commentary: 

 

 

Czech Republic

 

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Dominican Republic

 

Dubai

 

Commentaries:

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Ecuador

 

Egypt


 

EI Salvador

 

 

Estonia

 

 

European Union (EU)

  • European Union Rules on Public-Private Partnerships - including EU rules on setting up public-private entities, EU law on public procurement and concessions in relation to public-private partnerships and 2004 Green Paper on how procurement law applies to different forms of public-private partnerships
  • Directive 2014/23/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on the award of concession contracts (English but also available in other EU languages including French and Spanish). The new EU directive sets out minimum EU requirement for the award of concession contracts by public authorities to procure works or services from private suppliers.  It is part of a suite of procurement directives designed to update the procurement processes for all aspects of public procurement in European countries. More information on the EU directive is available on the website of the European Commission.  


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Fiji

 

 

France

Commentaries: 

 

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    Gambia, The

     

     

    Georgia

     

    Commentary:

     

    Ghana

     

     

    Greece

     

     

    Grenada

     

     

    Guatemala

     

     

    Guinea-Bissau

     

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    Honduras

    • Ley de Promoción de Alianza Público-Privada (Law for the Promotion of Public-Private Partnerships) (in English and Spanish)
    • Reglamento General de la Ley de Promoción de Alianza Público-Privada (General Regulation to the Law for the Promotion of Public-Private Partnerships) (in English and Spanish)
    • Laws and regulations in Honduras

     

     

    Hungary

     

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    India

     


    Indonesia

    Commentary: 

     

    Iraq

    Commentary:

     

    Ireland

    Commentaries: 

     


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    Jamaica

     

    Japan

    Commentary:

     

     

    Jordan

     

    Commentary:

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    Kazakhstan

    Commentary:

     

    Kenya

     

    See also:  

    Commentary: 

     

    Kosovo 

     

     

    Kuwait

    Commentaries:

     

    Kyrgyz Republic

     

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    Lao PDR

     

     

    Latvia

     

     

    Lebanon

     

     

    Liberia

     

     

    Lithuania

     

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    Macedonia, FYR

     

     

    Madagascar

     

     

    Malawi

     

     

    Mali

     

     

    Mauritania

     

     

    Mauritius

     

     

    Mexico

     

    Further guidance materials as well as laws and regulations on the state level are available on the website of Programa para el Impulso de Asociaciones Público-Privadas en Estados Mexicanos (PIAPPEM). 

    Commentaries:

     

    Moldova

     

    Mongolia

     

    Montenegro

     

     

    Morocco

    Commentary:

     

     

    Mozambique 

     

    Commentary: 

     

    Myanmar

     

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    Nigeria

     

     

    Northern Ireland

     

     

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    Pakistan

     

     

    Panama

     

     

    Papua New Guinea

     

     

    Paraguay

     

    Peru 

     

     

    Philippines

    Commentary: 

    Summary:


     

    Poland

     

     

    Portugal

    • 2012 PPP Law: Decree Law 111/2012 (Decreto-Lei n.º 111/2012) of 23 May 2012 (in Portuguese)
    • 2008 Public Contracts Code: Decree Law 18/2008 (Decreto-Lei n.º 18/2008) of 27 April 2008 and amendments (in Portuguese)

     

     

    Puerto Rico

    Commentary: 

     

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    Romania

    See also: 

     

    Commentaries:

     

    Russian Federation

    Commentaries:

     

    Rwanda

     

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    Saint Lucia

     

    Samoa

     


    Senegal

    Commentaries:

     

     

    Serbia

     

    Commentary:

     

    Seychelles

     

     

    Sierra Leone

     

     

    Slovak Republic

     

     

    Slovenia

     

     

    Somalia

     

     

    South Africa

     

     

    South Korea

     


    Spain

    Commentary: 

     

     

    Sri Lanka

     

     

    Swaziland

     

     

    Syria

     

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    Tajikistan

     

     

    Tanzania

    Commentaries:

     

    Thailand

    Commentary:

     

    Timor Leste

     

     

    Trinidad and Tobago

     

     

     

    Tunisia

     

     

     

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    Uganda

    Commentary: 

     

    Ukraine

     

     

    United Kingdom 

    United Kingdom Treasury: 

    Commentaries: 

     

     

    United States

    Commentaries: 

     

     

    Uruguay

     

     

    Uzbekistan

     

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    Vanuatu

     

     

    Venezuela

     

     

    Vietnam

    Commentaries: 

     

    Summary: 

     

     


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    Yemen

     

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    Zambia

     

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    Further Reading and Resources

     

     

     


    The inclusion of or reference to any materials on this website does not mean that they are in any way approved, endorsed or recommended by the World Bank, the PPPIRC or by the donors who support the website. The PPPIRC accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the materials on this website. The materials are:

    • not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
    • sometimes linked to external sites over which the PPPIRC has no control and for which the PPPIRC assumes no responsibility;
    • reference materials for information ONLY. They should not be relied on as a substitute for specific legal advice (if you need specific legal advice, you should always consult a suitably qualified professional).

     

    The goal of the PPPIRC is to keep the information on this website timely and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. Please contact us at ppp@worldbank.org.

    Last Updated : Mon,2016-10-24

     If you have suggestions on topics or materials to be included, please contact us at ppp@worldbank.org.