Public-Private Partnerships Laws / Concession Laws
As discussed in Legislative Assessment, a govenrment may decide to enact a PPP law or a concession law for a number of reasons, such as to give prioirty to a process of developing, procuring and reviewing PPP projects that will take priority over sector laws, or to establish a clear institutional framework for developing, procuring and implementing PPPs. PPP laws can also be used to close gaps in the laws of a host country may need to allow for successful infrastructure PPP projects, such as enabling the grant of step-in rights to lenders and requiring open and fair procurement processes. These modifications may be embodied in sector-specific law, or in the case of procurement, a procurement or competition law, or the can be included in a general concession or PPP law. This site includes links to guidance on drafting PPP/ Concession laws and sample enacted PPP laws.
While guidance and examples can be useful, each PPP/ concession law needs careful drafting to be consistent with the host country's existing laws. Legal draftsmen need to strike a balance between setting ground rules that encourage transparency and imposing general restrictions that may hinder bidding teams from achieving value for money or sensible solutions when bidding out PPP projects.
Infrascope Latin America (2014)-information tool and benchmarking index that evaluates government capacity to implement sustainable and efficient infrastructure public-private partnerships
Infrascope Africa (2015) - informational tool and benchmarking index that evaluates government capacity to implement sustainable and efficient infrastructure public-private partnerships
UNCITRAL Guidance on PPP/ Concession Laws
The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) has published a Legislative Guide on Privately Funded Infrastructure Projects in 2000. The purpose of the Guide is to assist in the establishment of a legal framework favorable to private investment in public infrastructure. The advice provided in the Guide aims at achieving a balance between the desire to facilitate and encourage private participation in infrastructure projects, on the one hand, and various public interest concerns of the host country, on the other. The Guide sets out suggested legislative language in its Model Legislative Provisions on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects of 2003.
EBRD Core Principles for a Modern Concession Law
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) defined a set of core principles for a modern concession law as legislative guidelines (English French and Russian). The Legal Transition Group of the EBRD prepared the paper EBRD Core Principles for a Modern Concessions Law - selection and justification of principles which explains each of the principles.
OECD Principles for Public Governance of Public-Private Partnerships
The OECD Principles for Public Governance of Public-Private Partnerships provide concrete guidance to policy makers on how to make sure that Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) represent value for money for the public sector.
Examples of PPP Laws
Set out below are links to examples of PPP/ Concession Laws enacted in various countries. Attached for information are also some links to commentaries prepared by third parties. The inclusion of these publications does not mean that they or their authors are in any way approved or endorsed by the World Bank, the PPPIRC or by the donors who support the website.
- Lei Sobre as Parcerias Público Privadas (Law on public-private partnerships) of 14 January 2011 (Portuguese)
Commentary: Public-Private Partnerships in Angola, by Clifford Chance, April 2011.
Commentary: The Public-Private Partnership Law Review, Chapter 2: Australia, Allens, Law Business Research, April 2015
- State of Victoria: The Partnerships Victoria policy, introduced in 2000, provides the framework for a whole of government approach to the provision of public infrastructure and related ancillary services through public private partnerships.
- Brazil Law for Bidding and Contracting of PPP Projects, 2004 (Portuguese)
- Brazil PPP Law (English translation of an early draft of the Brazil Law for Bidding and Contracting of PPP Projects)
Commentary: Brazil PPP law commentary: Spotlight on Brazil: Brazil Launches New PPP Law, by Jacques Cook, March 2006. The article discusses the recently enacted PPP Law in Brazil and explains how it offers the opportunity to stimulate lagging private investment in social and infrastructure projects in the country.
- Cameroon Loi N° 2006/012 du 29 Décembre 2006 Fixant le Régime Général des Contrats de Partenariat (pdf in French)
- Cameroon Loi N° 2008/009 du 16 juillet 2008 fixant le régime fiscal, financier et comptable applicable aux contrats de partenariat (in French)
Commentary: The Public-Private Partnership Law Review, Chapter 5: Canada, Fasken Martineau, Law Business Research, April 2015
- Quebec, Canada (in French) - establishment of a PPP unit and powers of PPP unit
Central and Eastern Europe
- Assessment of Concession Laws (2008) - prepared by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) - Including: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, FYR Macedonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
- Concession Law in Chile - Ley de asociaciones public-privadas en Chile
- Chilean Regulations of the Concession Law (in Spanish) back to top
- Measures (Regulations) for the Administration of Concession for Infrastructure and Public Utilities (Chinese: 基础设施和公用事业特许经营管理办法), 2015
- Ley 1508 de las Asociaciones Público Privadas (PPP Law 1508) of 10 June 2012
- Decreto Ley 1467 de las Asociaciones Público-Privadas (Decree 1467) of 6 July 2012 as modified by Decreto Ley 0100 (Decree 0100) of 25 January 2013
Commentary: Public-Private Partnerships in Croatia by J. Madir and K. Vrana, EBRD.
- Czech Republic Concession Law (pdf) (in English, official version)
European Union (EU)
- European Union Rules on Public-Private Partnerships - including EU rules on setting up public-private entities, EU law on public procurement and concessions in relation to public-private partnerships and 2004 Green Paper on how procurement law applies to different forms of public-private partnerships
- Directive 2014/23/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on the award of concession contracts (English but also available in other EU languages including French and Spanish). The new EU directive sets out minimum EU requirement for the award of concession contracts by public authorities to procure works or services from private suppliers. It is part of a suite of procurement directives designed to update the procurement processes for all aspects of public procurement in European countries. More information on the EU directive is available on the website of the European Commission.
PPP in France - 2006, Linklaters, 2006
- National Policy on Public-Private Partnerships of Ghana, June 2011
- Draft Public Private Partnerships Bill, 2013
- Ley de Alianzas para el Desarrollo de Infraestructura Económica - Decreto 16-2010 (Decree 16-2010 on Public Private Partnerships) of 13 April 2010 (Spanish)
- Ley de Promoción de Alianza Público-Privada (Law for the Promotion of Public-Private Partnerships) of September 2010 (English and Spanish).
- Reglamento General de la Ley de Promoción de Alianza Público-Privada (General Regulation to the Law for the Promotion of Public-Private Partnerships) of January 2011 (English and Spanish).
- India National Public-Private Partnership Policy (PDF)
- Haryana, India: Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Policy
The Public-Private Partnership Law Review, Chapter 8: Ireland, Maples and Calder, Law Business Research, April 2015
- Law on Public-Private Partnerships and Concessions of Kosovo, 1990 (English translation)
- PPP Legislation (English and Arabic)
- PPP Law 2009 (English translation) - The PPP Law defines possible types of PPP in Latvia and linked procedures, prescribes procedures for PPP project implementation and monitoring and envisages the establishment of a PPP monitoring and competence centre.
- Law on Concessions in Lithuania, 1996 (English translation)
See also: Madagascar - Procurement Law
- Ley de Asociaciones Público Privadas (Law on Public-Private Partnerships) of 16 January 2012 as revised 14 July 2014 (Spanish)
- Reglamento de la Ley de Asociaciones Público Privadas (Regulations for the Law on Public-Private Partnerships) of 5 November 2012 (Spanish)
- Lineamientos que establecen las disposiciones para determinar la conveniencia de llevar a cabo un proyecto mediante un esquema de asociación público-privada (Guidelines for carrying out a project through a scheme of public-private partnership) of 31 December 2013 (Spanish)
Further guidance materials as well as laws and regulations on the state level are available on the website of Programa para el Impulso de Asociaciones Público-Privadas en Estados Mexicanos (PIAPPEM).
- Commentary on new law n°86-12 - New Moroccan PPP Law, White and Case, April 2015
Lei nº 15/2011 de Parcerias Público-Privadas (PPP Law) of 2011 (Portuguese)
- Decreto Legislativo No. 1012 publicado el 13 de mayo de 2008 (Spanish) - Legislative Decree No. 1012 of 13 May 2008
- Decreto Supremo No. 127-2014-EF (Spanish) - Supreme Decree No. 127-2014-EF
- Ley de Supervisión de la Inversión Privada en Infraestructura del Transporte de Uso Público y Promoción de los Servicios de Transporte Aero, 1998 (Spanish)
Commentary: The Public-Private Partnership Law Review, Chapter 12: Philippines, SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan, Law Business Research, April 2015
- PPP Law 2008 (Polish)
- 2012 PPP Law: Decree Law 111/2012 (Decreto-Lei n.º 111/2012) of 23 May 2012 (Portuguese)
- 2008 Public Contracts Code: Decree Law 18/2008 (Decreto-Lei n.º 18/2008) of 27 April 2008 and amendments (Portuguese)
- Public-Private Partnership Act (PPP Act), Act No. 29 of June 8, 2009 (S.B. 469).
Commentary: Puerto Rico Enacts Broad Public-Private Partnership Statute, Allen & Overy, 14 October 2009
Romania’s New Public Procurement Law, Herzfeld & Rubin P.C., 2006.
- Loi n°2004-13 du 1er mars 2004 relative aux contrats de construction exploitation transfert d'infrastructure (BOT Law) of of 1 March 2004 (French)
- Loi n°2004-14 Instituant le Conseil des infrastructures (Law Establishing the Infrastructure Council) of 13 February 2004 (French)
Ley reguladora del contrato de concesión de obras públicas (Concession Law) (Spanish)
- Decreto-Lei No. 42/2012 Regime Jurídico das Parcerias Público Privada (PPP Act 42/2012) of 7 Septembre 2012 (Portuguese).
Loi no. 2008-23 du 1 Avril 2008 relative au régime des concessions Draft Concession Law (Concession Law of 1 April 2008) (French)
- National PPP Policy of Tanzania, 2009
- Public-Private Partnership Act, 2010
- Public-Private Partnership Regulations, 2011
United Kingdom Treasury:
- United Kingdom Treasury - Public Private Partnership policy and guidance
- United Kingdom Treasury - Standardisation of PF2 Contracts (SoPC) (December 2012)
- United Kingdom Treasury - Procurement and contract management
- United Kingdom - Value for money assessment for using private finance
- United Kingdom - Archived guidance of PPPs in Infrastructure
- United Kingdom Treasury - Budgeting and accounting for PPP arrangements
- United Kingdom Treasury - Finance guidance
- From PFI to PF2: the reform of the Public Private Partnership model in the UK, Norton Rose Fulbright, 2009
- Ley de Participación Público-Privada No. 18.786 (PPP Law 18.786) of 19 August 2011 (Spanish)
The Public-Private Partnership Law Review, Chapter 15: United States, Kilpatrick Townsend, Law Business Research, April 2015
Public-Private Partnerships for Public Facilities - Legislative Resource Guide, American Institute of Architects (AIA), November 2014. The Legislative Resource Guide was developed for juristidictions in the United States. It provides important elements in a successful PPP law.
- Commentary on the PPP Decree, Frontier Law and Advisory, 2015
“New PPP Decree is Released in Vietnam” ,Hogan Lovells, March 2015
Further Reading and Resources
- Overview of the PPP Legal and Institutional Frameworks in the Western Balkans, European PPP Expertise Center (EPEC), July 2014.
- PPP in Europe published by the international law firm CMS.
- ￼Evaluating the Environment for Public-Private Partnerships in Latin America and the Caribbean: The 2014 Infrascope (￼Evaluando el Entorno para las Asociaciones Público-Privadas en América Latina y el Caribe: Infrascope 2014)
- Infrascope Europe, Evaluating the environment for public-private partnerships in Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (EECIS), 2012.
- Evaluating the Environment for Public-Private Partnerships in Asia-Pacific: The 2011 Infrascope
- Regulatory Frameworks for Successful PPPs in MENA Countries in Making Reforms Succeed, Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), July 2008.
- Private Sector Participation (PSP) in Urban Public Services: Comparison of Laws and Institutions in MENA Countries by Christophe Schramm, World Bank 2006.
- International Comparative Legal Guide (ICLG) - Online resource containing summaries of relevant legislation of different countries for various practice areas including project finance and public procurement.
The inclusion of or reference to any materials on this website does not mean that they are in any way approved, endorsed or recommended by the World Bank, the PPPIRC or by the donors who support the website. The PPPIRC accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the materials on this website. The materials are:
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