PPP Reference Guide

Visit PPP Online Reference Guide for the full web version.

The Reference Guide is not a toolkit or a step-by-step guidebook; nor does it cover the specifics of PPPs in any given country or sector. Rather, the Reference Guide aims to help government officials and other interested parties in answering following questions:

  • What are PPPs, and why use them?
  • What kind of policy, legal, and institutional framework is need to ensure PPPs achieve their stated objectives efficiently and effectively?
  • What is the process for developing and implementing a PPP project?

To better cover the range of topics which impact PPPs, the third edition includes new sections such as stakeholder communication and engagement, environmental and social due diligence, and climate change. Additional relevant sections include municipal PPPs and private participation in fragile and conflict-affected states.

Who should use the Reference Guide?

This Reference Guide targets government officials who wish to improve their knowledge of PPPs. Other parties, including civil society organizations, private sector participants, universities, or other readers will find different parts of this Reference Guide useful at different times. The Reference Guide is part synthesis and part bibliography. As such, it may be useful for both the newcomer to the PPP area looking for a structured introduction to key PPP topics, and the expert who may find additional references in some specific area.

To download the PDF of the full version, please click here.

Who developed the Reference Guide?

The PPP Reference Guide Version 3 is a joint product of the: Asian Development Bank (ADB), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Global Infrastructure Hub (GI Hub), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), and the World Bank Group.

Relevant Resources

Those who wish to educate themselves on PPPs more thoroughly will find the APMG PPP Certification Program Guide a useful resource. Examples of well-formulated PPP manuals and toolkits are the South Africa PPP Manual (2004), the Caribbean PPP Toolkit (2017), and the World Bank sectoral toolkits—for instance, the toolkit on roadways (2009)

PPP Reference Guide - Introduction
There is no single, internationally accepted definition of Public-Private Partnership. This Reference Guide takes a… more
PPP Reference Guide - PPP Basics The module provides an overview of PPPs, and discusses projects and contracts where there is a public interest in the… more
PPP Reference Guide - PPP Framework Describes the elements of a sound legal and institutional PPP framework—that is, the policy, processes, institutions,… more
PPP Reference Guide - PPP Cycle Provides guidance on each stage of developing and implementing a PPP project—from initially identifying candidate… more
PPP Reference Guide 3.0 (Full version) Find a quick PDF version of the guide here.
PPP Online Reference Guide
The Reference Guide is not a toolkit or a step-by-step guidebook; nor does it cover the specifics of PPPs in any given… more