Recent PPPLRC Articles

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Articles on Public-Private Partnerships

Below are selected articles related to public-private partnerships in infrastructure developed by the PPPLRC team and its partners. These articles are also cross-published on the World Banks PPP Blog site. 

Mother in law and national ppp structure

What do mothers-in-law and national PPP structures have in common

Authored by: Jeff Delmon
September 2019

First, let me preface this blog by saying that my mother-in-law is great. And my wife’s mother-in-law is amazingly wonderful. But sometimes my understanding of the world seems to be entirely inconsistent with my mother-in-law’s understanding of it. What does this have to do with municipal PPPs? Let me explain.

Most PPP structures are focused on national interests, governed by national laws, and coordinated by national PPP units and funding structures. This desire to define and control is often driven by the national government’s need to access new sources of funding,... More


The power of sunlight

The power of sunlight: incentivizing private investment in solar PV

Authored by: Susanne Foerster
April 2018

Solar power is experiencing a surge in popularity across the globe. It prevents carbon emissions, helps diversify the power generation mix, reduces dependence on fossil fuels, and can increase off-grid energy access.

With falling costs of solar photovoltaic (PV) technology, advancing storage technology, and grid integration, prices for solar PV electricity have been falling rapidly around the world... More

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How to foster a more inclusive environment for SMEs in PPPs

Authored by: Jenny Chao and Angela Maria Toro Botero
September 2017

Have you ever walked around a megastore, lost in the aisles of choices, only to go home without the one item you set out for? Conversely, have you ever wandered into a much smaller “mom and pop” shop and found everything you need?

Many reasons compel us to support small and medium businesses: tailored knowledge, personalized service, and the satisfaction of contributing directly to the local economy.... More

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Investing in a brighter future: PPP street lighting projects

Authored by: Susanne Foerster and Luciana Guimaraes Drummond E Silva
August 2017

Investing in an energy-efficient street lighting system can be a game changer for municipalities.

On one hand, switching to modern street lighting schemes based on light-emitting diode (LED) technology presents an opportunity for city governments to lower energy consumption, operation and maintenance costs while reducing the overall carbon footprint.

At the same time, reliable bright street lighting can have a range of socio-economic benefits: well-lit streets make people feel safe and reduce accidents while boosting economic and social activity after sunset.... More

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Managing PPP risk with a new guide on guarantees

Authored by: Victoria Rigby Delmond and Jenny Chao
May 2017

Just two years ago, Ghana was experiencing unstable commodity prices and a deteriorating macroeconomic situation. Yet, through a unique combination of World Bank guarantees nearly $8 billion in private investment was mobilized for the Sankofa Gas Project—the biggest foreign direct investment in Ghana’s history. The transformational project helped address serious energy shortages and put the country on a path to economic growth.

This is just one example illustrating how risk mitigation products play out in practice to encourage private sector investment and improve people’s lives.... More

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Asian Countries Tap Potential of Subnational PPPs

Authored by: Jenny Chao with Victoria Rigby Delmond
April 2017

As countries across Asia continue to prioritize investments in infrastructure in order to boost growth, subnational governments are also eager to improve the infrastructure facilities serving their communities. Indeed, as a few countries in South Asia and East Asia have shown, smaller PPPs at the municipal level can be as impactful as large national endeavors. .... More


Best practices in governments making the most of their external advisers

Authored by: James Harris and Julien Reidy
March 2017

“How can we as government make the best use of our external advisers?” This is a question we often hear as regular advisers to host governments, or from multilateral or other agencies supporting governments, on the procurement of much needed energy and infrastructure—especially in emerging markets.... More

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Three ways to partner with cities and municipalities to mobilize private capital for infrastructure: A look at Latin America

Authored by: Sara Sigrist and Angela Maria Toro Botero
February 2017

When seeking to engage private partners, one thinks of large, high-cost national infrastructure projects. But subnational governments are also effectively partnering with the private sector by leveraging assets, rethinking "infrastructure," and establishing mechanisms to give long-term security.

Some Latin American governments are capitalizing on legislative frameworks for Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs)—in some cases tailoring laws for subnational use, and using experience gained from large-scale national projects.... More

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A Tale of ...cities

Authored by: Jenny Chao with Victoria Rigby Delmond
January 2017

One cannot help but compare sub-national and municipal PPPs to national level PPPs. Historically, PPP programs and frameworks have been focused on projects of national importance, which are politically riveting as well as, oftentimes, costly – involving central government agencies to assume liabilities or giving guarantees..... More


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When progress can't wait, mediate

Authored by: Jeff Delmon, Senior Private Sector Development Specialist, World Bank
August 2016


In public private partnerships (PPPs), it’s easy to forget that third “P,” but it’s this concept of a partnership that ensures the health and sustainability of the public-private relationship. Conflict can undermine the PPP relationship, or be used to strengthen it – and that’s why mediation is an important option for PPPs. 

Mediation is simply a facilitated negotiation. It is a very flexible format for resolving differences in international infrastructure projects, as each mediator can structure the process in the manner most appropriate to the situation. Resolution achieved by mediation is not limited to remedies provided by law, allowing for bespoke settlements that satisfy both parties....More 






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The PPP Decree: an important re-boot for Vietnam’s PPP program 

Authored by: Stanley Boots, Lawyer and CEO, Frontier Law & Advisory
June 2016


In developing the PPP Decree, a number of lessons were taken from challenges faced by investors and Government alike under the previous regulations. The PPP Decree aims to offer a more consistent and effective regime for all PPP projects (including BOT, BTO and BT) and was drafted to provide more guidance for both State authorities and investors in order to facilitate project preparation and implementation. The PPP Decree was developed with a focus on improving the transparency of the project development process in order to promote more foreign investment in infrastructure development across key sectors such as transportation, energy, environment, water supply, waste treatment, etc...More 








Examining public-private partnership projects through a gender lens 

Authored by: Susanne Foerster with Victoria Rigby Delmon
March 2016


Investment in infrastructure services in emerging economies is key to tackling extreme poverty and enhancing shared prosperity. Achieving gender equality is equally important if we want to reach these goals and maintain social and economic milestones, long-term, as outlined in the World Bank Group Gender Strategy (FY16 – 23): Gender Equality, Poverty Reduction and Inclusive Growth...  More







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5 Trends in Public-Private Partnerships in Water Supply and Sanitation

Authored by: Victoria Rigby Delmon
November 2015


 A lot has been happening in Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the water supply and sanitation sector over the last few years, contrary to some misperceptionsToday’s market is radically different from the 1990s (dominated by the large concession model and appetite of private investors to finance projects) or the 2000s (contract terminations and nervousness about benefits that PPP could bring in the water supply and sanitation sector)... More






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Accelerating the PPP Process and Reducing Costs: The Recommended PPP Contractual Provisions Initiative

Authored by: Mark Moseley
October 2015

All of the parties involved in public-private partnership (PPP) transactions – including both governments and project developers – frequently express concern over the time and expense involved in creating the legal agreements that are at the center of every PPP project. Everyone recognizes the importance of PPP contracts, since they are the documents that set out how the partnership will work – but there are constant calls for making the contractual drafting process quicker and less expensive... More




Last Updated : Thu,2020-01-16