Popular Resources

Key Features of Common Law or Civil Law Systems

This section looks at key features of each system and highlights areas which of particular relevance to PPP projects.

Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) and Energy…

A Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) secures the payment stream for a Build-Own Transfer (BOT) or concession project for an… more

Concessions Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) and…

Concessions, Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) Projects, and Design-Build-Operate (DBO) Projects are types of public-private… more

Risk Allocation Bankability and Mitigation in…

A number of key risks need to be allocated and managed to ensure the successful financing of the project and these… more

Contract Law – Limitations on Freedom of Contract

The legal environment of a host country is likely to contain a number of restrictions on the parties' ability to… more

Public-Private Partnerships Laws / Concession Laws

While guidance and examples can be useful, each PPP/ concession law needs careful drafting to be consistent with the… more

PPP Units Around the World

Find a list of countries with PPP units and links to those units

Energy and Power PPPs

Overview of existing energy laws and regulations in different countries, PPP toolkits, sample laws and licenses, Power… more

About Public-Private Partnerships

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are a mechanism for government to procure and implement public infrastructure and/or… more

Water & Sanitation PPPs

Resources, toolkits, and documents on water and sanitation sector reform, regulation and PPP projects. (This section… more

Management/Operation and Maintenance Contracts

Management contracts and Operation and Maintenance (O&M) contracts are contracts governing a type of public-… more

Regulation of Sectors and Regulatory Issues…

This section looks at key issues to think about when designing a regulatory framework and then provides links to… more

Joint Ventures / Government Shareholding in…

This section does not focus on the relationship between consortium members bidding on a project where they may decide… more

Climate-Smart PPPs

To deliver climate-smart infrastructure solutions, private investment and expertise is essential, including sustainable… more

Standardized Agreements, Bidding Documents and…

There has been a long tradition of the use of standardized agreements for the procurement of goods and services for… more

Public-Private Partnerships for Transport

Sample legislation and agreements related to PPP in the transportation sector, including airports, ports, roads and… more